Which Stainless Steel Grade can be Used in High Temperature?Stainless steels are widely used in several industries because they can withstand temperatures up to 1150°C. They offer superior performance in several high-temperature applications because of their durability and allowing elements.
Austenitic steels have high-temperature applications
Austenitic steels are used in high-temperature environments where the temperature can be more than 550 degrees Celsius. Some of the typical applications of stainless autistic grades are as follows
- Cement industry
- Energy conversion plants
- Engineering industry
The creep strength of square steel tubing is an important factor in distinguishing artistic stainless steel from other metal grades. You can expand your application’s lifetime and increase overall cost savings by choosing the right metal grade for a high-temperature environment. Austenitic steel grades are optimized mainly for oxidation resistance and corrosion resistance nature. Besides high-temperature corrosion resistance, they also have amazing mechanical properties. Even higher temperature ferritic stainless steels beer similar chemical mechanical properties just like austenitic steel.
Stainless ferritic grades
Stainless ferritic grades 4724 and 4713 are used in high-temperature applications where the temperature can range between 550°C to 850°C. Ferritic stainless steel grades have an alloying element known as chromium, increasing its corrosion resistance. Higher steel grades 4736, 4762, and 4740 are mostly used in environments where temperatures can exceed up to1150°C. These grades offer great resistance against molten metals and lower sulfuric attacks. Ferritic steels have a ferritic structure, making them resistant to more thermal shock than austenitic stainless steels. In environments where high-temperature applications are required, ferric stainless grades are used, and they have the following applications:
- Furnace technology installations within metal working and power and chemical industry
- Installations within metalworking, power, and chemical industries
Stainless steel is used in applications because it has a high tolerance to extreme temperatures and pressure. Suppose you want to know which grade of stainless steel is ideal for high-temperature application. In that case, the right answer will not be based only on the precise temperature but also on the time length when the basket is exposed to high temperatures. This is why stainless steel alloys have a continuous and intermittent temperature.
Following are examples of intermittent and continuous stainless steel temperature limitations.
1. Grade 304
304 stainless steel is highly corrosion-resistant as it contains nickel and chromium. Therefore, it is used in several applications, such as steel fasteners, piping, Heat exchangers, food processing equipment, etc. Intermittent 870°C Continuous 925°C
2. Grade 309
309 stainless steel is also resistant to pollution and can withstand high temperatures. As a result, it is used in several industries. Intermittent: 980°C Continuous: 1,095°C
3. Grade 310
310 stainless steel is applied in industries for manufacturing heat treatment baskets, heat exchangers, burner tapes Steel tubes. Intermittent. 1,025°C Continuous: 1,150°C
4. Grade 410
410 stainless steel is highly corrosion resistant and comes with great tensile strength. Intermittent: 815°C Continuous: 705°C
5. Grade 420
420 stainless steel includes commendable ductility and corrosion-resistant properties. They are used to manufacture medical equipment, cutlery, shear blades, needle valves, etc. Intermittent: 735°C Continuous: 620°C
6. Grade 321
321 stainless steel is resistant to temperature and is used in hot environments. They are used to manufacture Seamless Tubes, furnace parts, aircraft exhausts, Seamless Pipes, etc.
Stainless steel is an important material used in infrastructure projects and building projects because of its temperature resistance nature. Moreover, it is a versatile material that can adjust to extreme temperature and pressure environments and can withstand different other materials. Some of the properties of stainless steel, a popular choice, are reliability, great flexibility, heavyweight, versatility, ease of handling, and a useful stop-applying feature of stainless steel is its resistance to high temperature. And this is the reason it is used widely in several construction and industrial projects.