An alloy in chemistry refers to a solid mixture composed of two or more elements, with at least one of them being a metal. The elements are combined in such a way that they form a new material with unique properties different from those of the individual elements. Alloys are typically created by melting the metals together and allowing them to solidify, resulting in a homogeneous mixture.
The purpose of creating alloys is to enhance specific properties, such as strength, durability, resistance to corrosion, or electrical conductivity. Common examples of alloys include steel (iron and carbon), bronze (copper and tin), and brass (copper and zinc). The ability to tailor the properties of alloys makes them invaluable in various industries, including automotive, construction, aerospace, and electronics.