Alloying is the process of mixing two or more metals or metal with one or more non-metallic elements to create a new material with enhanced properties such as increased strength, hardness, and resistance to corrosion, wear, and fatigue.
The resulting material is called an alloy and typically exhibits improved characteristics over the individual components. Alloying can be achieved by melting the metals or elements together and then cooling them to form a solid material or by a powder metallurgy process where the components are mixed and pressed into a desired shape.
Alloys can also be designed with specific properties in mind by adjusting the ratio and types of elements used in the mixture. Common examples of alloys include steel, which is made by mixing iron with carbon and other elements, and brass, which is a mixture of copper and zinc.