Metals are a group of chemical elements that share certain physical and chemical properties, such as high thermal and electrical conductivity, ductility, malleability, and a metallic luster. The properties of metals are a result of the arrangement of their atoms and the way they interact with each other.
Each metal is made up of a unique arrangement of atoms that determines its properties. In general, metals have a high number of free electrons that are not bound to individual atoms but are shared among the atoms in the metal lattice. This gives metals their characteristic properties of high conductivity, ductility, and malleability.
Metals also have a crystalline structure, which means that their atoms are arranged in a repeating pattern called a lattice. This arrangement of atoms gives metals their characteristic properties such as ductility, malleability, and toughness.