Nickel is a chemical element with the symbol Ni and atomic number 28. It is a silvery-white metal that belongs to the transition metals group in the periodic table. Nickel is known for its excellent corrosion resistance, high ductility, and ability to withstand high temperatures.
In terms of its applications, nickel is widely used in various industries. One of its primary uses is in the production of stainless steel and other alloys, where it enhances the strength, durability, and resistance to corrosion of the materials. Nickel alloys are commonly found in aerospace components, electrical wiring, industrial equipment, and automotive parts.
Nickel also plays a crucial role in the production of rechargeable batteries, particularly in nickel-cadmium (NiCd) and nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries. These batteries are utilized in portable electronic devices, electric vehicles, and renewable energy systems.
Furthermore, nickel has significant applications in plating and surface finishing processes. It is commonly used to provide a decorative or protective coating on various objects, such as household items, jewelry, and automotive parts.