Ferritic SS 430 Pipes and Tubes

Ferritic SS 430 Pipes and Tubes

430 stainless steel pipe (UNS S43000) is the most widely used family of Ferritic alloys. It is known for its good corrosion resistance to numerous substances, excellent stress, and formability, coupled with practical mechanical properties.

Chemical Composition

GRADE   Ni Cr Si C Mn P S Mo Fe
SS 430 Min 16 BALANCE
Max 0.5 18 1 0.12 1 0.04 0.03


SS 430 S43000 430S17 60 1.4016 X8Cr17 2320 SUS 430


Stainless steel 430 Seamless Pipe/Tube :  ASTM/ASME SA 268/ A 268
Stainless steel 430 ERW Pipe/Tube        :  ASTM/ASME SA 268/ A 268

Production Process

Grade 430 or UNS S43000 are manufactured using processes such as ERW (Electric Resistance Welded), Seamless and EFW (Electric Fusion Welding). 430 stainless steel tube and pipe have different forms such as round, square, rectangle etc. having specific end as Plain End, Bevel End and Threaded End with nominal thickness of different schedule ranging from SCH 5 to SCH XXS.

Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength Yield Strength Elongation Hardness,MAX  
[MPA] [MPA] (% in 50mm) min HBW HRB
SS 430 450 205 22 89 183

The process through which SS 430 tube and SS 430 pipe can be manufactured include cold pilgering process, Extrusion process, tube mill Process also Piercing process followed by heat treatment and mechanical testing. These processes are mostly used by various 430 stainless steel pipe manufacturers.

Fabrication and Heat Treatment Process

430 treated steel can be hot worked in the temperature scope of 1500 to 1900° F. In 430 stainless steel grade solution annealing can be performed by heating grade 430 at a temperature range of 815 – 845°C (1499-1553°F).

Afterwards it has to be immediately slowly cooled down to 600°C (1112°F) and followed by air-cooling in a quick manner as slow cooling between 540 and 400°C (1004 and 752°F) tends to cause embrittlement.


SS430 has excellent corrosion resistance to a wide variety of corrosive media including nitric acid as well as sulphur gases and many organic and food acids. Being ferritic in nature, this alloy has very high resistance stress corrosion cracking.

Physical Properties

Grade Density (g/cm3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Co-eff of Thermal Expansion (μm/m/°C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat (J/Kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (μΩ.m)
SS 430     0-100°C 0-315°C 0-538°C at 100°C at 500°C 0-100°C  
7.8 200 10.4 11 11.4 26.1 26.3 460 600

The 430 grade is a stainless steel best suited for mild corrosive environments. Without Molybdenum or Nickel additions, 430 stainless steel is significantly less expensive than 316.

This makes 430 stainless steel a good value choice for non-critical indoor environments. In elevated temperatures, 430 stainless steel offers good resistance to oxidation as well.